Research Syntheses

In collaboration with the NDPC-SD, the What Works in Transition Research Synthesis Project conducted a meta analysis of cognitive-behavioral interventions and programs interventions. The purpose of the study was to identify interventions that carried a sufficient level of scientific evidence so as to be considered effective under the What Works Clearinghouse’s standards of evidence-based practices. This systematic review, entitled The Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Interventions on Dropout for Youth with Disabilities, summarizes scientifically based research studies produced in the past two decades from three distinct perspectives: (a) cognitive-behavioral interventions, (b) dropout or dropout-related outcomes, and (c) samples of secondary-aged youth with disabilities. It explores the relationship between cognitive-behavioral interventions/therapies and dropout outcomes and violent verbal or physical aggression for secondary-aged youth with disabilities.

The American Youth Policy Forum produced a report entitled Whatever It Takes: How Twelve Communities Are Reconnecting Out-of-School Youth by Nancy Martin and Samuel Halperin. The report focuses on two questions related to recovery programs: “What can be done to recover and reconnect our young people to opportunities for building useful lives in work, family, and citizenship; and “Who is doing what, and where, to reengage out-of-school youth while working to strengthen the communities in which they live?”. The report summarizes a variety of programs from around the United States and includes information about participants, costs of implementation, and evidence supporting program efficacy.

“This collection of research syntheses addresses the effects of various interventions on academic performance of youth with disabilities.“

 Diploma Options for Students with Disabilities: Synthesis of the NCEO Document is a synthesis of a National Center on Educational Outcomes study on state graduation policies that also compared the results to three similar, prior NCEO studies. Results are described in the areas of graduation requirements for youth with and without disabilities, diploma options available, state use of exit exams and consequences of graduation requirements and diploma options.

Ed Facts: Special Education in the New National Education Data System is summarizes interviews with seven state special education directors and/or data managers, and each state’s EDFacts coordinator, regarding the state’s submission of special education data via EDFacts. Findings regarding state staffing, interaction between general and special education divisions, effect of EDFacts on SEA structure and operations, changes in special education reporting, technical assistance from the DOE for the transition to EDFacts, and the benefits and challenges of EDFacts are reported.