NDPC-SD Dropout Prevention Intervention Framework (DPIF)

The DPIF is a five‐phase, systematic process that includes knowledge transfer and utilization of dropout prevention research, proven practices that work, policies and procedures that support school completion, and the implementation of evidence‐based practices within a contextual fit. The systematic planning and structure of the DPIF emphasizes problem solving and intervention selection based on needs identified through relevant data. This structure frames the need for systemic change in a local context and underscores the need to employ data‐based decision making to decrease dropout and improve school completion rates for student with disabilities.
NDPC‐SD’s framework provides a structured process by which SEA or LEA teams can gain sufficient knowledge to develop, sustain, and expand efforts in data analysis to (1) identify risk and protective factors; (2) identify priority areas for intervention; (3) identify and select evidence‐based practices to address needs; and (4) develop and implement effective programs in dropout prevention. Execution of the NDPC‐SD framework is supported by a two‐tiered training plan. In the first tier, carefully selected state and local teams are provided 4‐6 days of intensive training using five tested modules that reflect current research evidence in dropout prevention. Tier one culminates in the development of evidence based intervention plan. In the second tier, targeted support and guided practice are provided to selected schools to ensure implementation of the improvement plan. The schools identify and implement interventions, evaluate their effectiveness, and establish compatible new initiatives. Continuous evaluation assists schools in examining the efficacy of selected interventions. Through this approach, each site becomes the source of its own core implementation components and improves its policies, practices, procedures, programs, and systems related to school completion. For more information about the Framework, contact NTACT at: ntactmail@uncc.edu or 74-687-8606.

Phase 1: Develop State and Local Leadership Teams

  • Establish leadership and design team
  • Identify cohort districts/schools
  • Identify core teams for training
  • Train teams in framework and modules 1-6
  • Train teams in rollout strategies

Phase 2: Analyze Data

  • District/school demographics
  • District and school infrastructure
  • Current initiatives and partnerships
  • Student performance (attendance, graduation, dropout, course completion, discipline)
  • Assessment, curriculum, and instructional systems
  • Professional development (dropout prevention/intervention recovery/re-entry)
  • Relevant policies and procedures (attendance, discipline, promotion/retention, graduation)

Phase 3: Identify Target Areas for Intervention

  • School climate
  • Attendance and truancy prevention
  • Behavior (universal, classroom, targeted, tertiary management and support)
  • Academic content and instruction (reading, writing, math, science)
  • Family engagement
  • Student engagement

Phase 4: Develop Improvement Plan

  • Selected evidence-based practices (e.g., Check & Connect, Positive Behavior Support, Cognitive Behavior Interventions, Content Enhancements)
  • Determine level of intensity (universal, selected, target)
  • Contextualize to setting
  • Establish timelines
  • Draft action plan

Phase 5: Implement, Monitor, and Evaluate

  • Conduct baseline measures
  • Train additional staff for rollout
  • Implement strategies on-site coaching, consultation & feedback, progress monitoring, fidelity checks
  • Measure results
  • Evaluate outcomes
  • Celebrate success!
  • Disseminate